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Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1577; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051577

“Parknerships” for Sustainable Relevance: Perspectives from the San Francisco Bay Area

1
Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
2
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 8 May 2018 / Accepted: 9 May 2018 / Published: 15 May 2018
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Abstract

“Parknerships” (park partnerships) are an innovative means of enhancing people’s connections with conserved spaces and stories, drawing on the combined strengths of multiple organizations. As a specific type of collaboration, a parknership is focused among parks-related organizations sharing common goals of building positive experiences for individuals, the community, and the environment. The need for parknerships is heightened in complex settings like urban areas, and with national organizations concerned with local relevance, such as the National Park Service (NPS). Although parknerships have emerged as a crucial mode of local connection and are increasingly highlighted in park guidance, scant information exists on what mechanisms contribute to their long-term, multi-effort success. We seek to address this by investigating what elements contribute to a sustainable and successful parknership. To frame this inquiry, we drew from the concept of relevance and framework of collective impact. Using semi-structured interviews (n = 14) with NPS and partners in the San Francisco Bay Area (an urban area with rich cultural diversity and long environmental history), we elicited understanding of sustainable parknerships. Participants emphasized the importance of the parknerships’ context, process, and goal. Consideration of these intersectional themes may be critical to sustainable, relevance-related collaborations among parknerships. View Full-Text
Keywords: relevance; urban; collaboration; qualitative; sustainability; collective impact; adaptation; partnership; National Park Service relevance; urban; collaboration; qualitative; sustainability; collective impact; adaptation; partnership; National Park Service
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Perry, E.E.; Kiewra, L.A.; Brooks, M.E.; Xiao, X.; Manning, R.E. “Parknerships” for Sustainable Relevance: Perspectives from the San Francisco Bay Area. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1577.

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