Next Article in Journal
Assessment of and Improvement Strategies for the Housing of Healthy Elderly: Improving Quality of Life
Previous Article in Journal
Estimating the Possibility of Surface Soil Pollution with Atmospheric Lead Deposits Using the ADMER Model
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 721; doi:10.3390/su10030721

Erbium Salts as Non-Toxic Catalysts Compatible with Alternative Reaction Media

Department of Health Sciences, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
Dipartimento di Agraria, Università Telematica San Raffaele, Via di Val Cannuta, 247, 00166 Roma, Italy
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università della Calabria Cubo 12C, Arcavacata, 87036 Rende, Italy
Dipartimento di Farmacia e Scienze della Salute e della Nutrizione, Edificio Polifunzionale, Università della Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, 87030 Cosenza, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 January 2018 / Revised: 1 March 2018 / Accepted: 3 March 2018 / Published: 6 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green and Sustainable Catalysts)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2558 KB, uploaded 6 March 2018]   |  


Green catalysts must be non-toxic, easy to manage, able to be recovered and reused, active under alternative reaction conditions and cheap. Erbium salts meet all the previously listed characteristics and today they are emerging as a valuable catalytic solution to a number of organic transformations needing a Lewis acid catalyst in wet conditions or under alternative heating sources. This review aims to summarize the application of erbium salts in green organic transformations, with particular emphasis on their versatility under both homogeneous and heterogeneous conditions. The erbium salts’ role in bifunctional catalysis is also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: erbium chloride; erbium triflate; Lewis acid catalyst; bifunctional catalysts erbium chloride; erbium triflate; Lewis acid catalyst; bifunctional catalysts

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Oliverio, M.; Nardi, M.; Costanzo, P.; Di Gioia, M.L.; Procopio, A. Erbium Salts as Non-Toxic Catalysts Compatible with Alternative Reaction Media. Sustainability 2018, 10, 721.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top