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Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 668; doi:10.3390/su10030668

Enhancing Eco-Efficiency of Agro-Products’ Closed-Loop Supply Chain under the Belt and Road Initiatives: A System Dynamics Approach

Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China
Sichuan Province Cyclic Economy Research Centre, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China
School of Transportation and Logistics, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
Institute of Innovation and Circular Economy, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
School of Business, Dalian University of Technology, Panjin 124221, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 January 2018 / Revised: 15 February 2018 / Accepted: 27 February 2018 / Published: 1 March 2018
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This study redesigns the supply chain of agricultural products in southwest China under the Belt and Road Initiative to improve its eco-efficiency by considering the associated agro-wastes flowing into bioenergy enterprise for energy production. Two scenarios are created, in which the first assumes that all waste flows into the enterprise, whereas the second only considers the inflow of agro-waste produced by farmers and the wholesale market. A system dynamics simulation is conducted by using carbon emissions per product as an indicator to obtain the optimal scenario for managerial practice and design an incentivizing mechanism to drive supply chain operations. A case study is provided to demonstrate application of the system dynamics. Finally, the limitations of the study are discussed to lay the foundation for further improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: supply chain management; eco-efficiency; closed-loop; system dynamics; agro-products supply chain management; eco-efficiency; closed-loop; system dynamics; agro-products

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhao, R.; Liu, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Guo, S.; Tseng, M.-L.; Wu, K.-J. Enhancing Eco-Efficiency of Agro-Products’ Closed-Loop Supply Chain under the Belt and Road Initiatives: A System Dynamics Approach. Sustainability 2018, 10, 668.

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