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Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 614; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030614

Effect of Local Community’s Environmental Perception on Trust in a Mining Company: A Case Study in Mongolia

1
Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Kita 10, Nishi 5, Sapporo 060-0810, Hokkaido, Japan
2
Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Kita 10, Nishi 5, Sapporo 060-0810, Hokkaido, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 January 2018 / Revised: 7 February 2018 / Accepted: 23 February 2018 / Published: 27 February 2018
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Abstract

While the mining industry is booming globally, local communities resist mining operations. It is crucial for mining companies to maintain trust within these communities to prevent conflicts. This research investigated local community’s trust in a mining company in Mongolia using a questionnaire survey. We assessed the residents’ perceptions of the company’s effort to maintain environmental protection, as a determinant of trust, in addition to the determinants of motivation and ability. The results showed that the trust level varied within the different respondent groups and the determinants of trust differentially explained the state of trust. The nomadic herders who lived close to the mine site had low trust while being sensitive to the environmental effects. Other herders had neutral trust. Town citizens had high trust, which was mainly related to positive perceptions of motivation. Communicability of the information provided by the company influenced formulation of positive and negative perceptions. Overall, low trust likely leads to conflicts. Therefore, mining companies are advised to conduct surveys with different groups in the local community, especially those sensitive to environmental changes, and take measures to maintain trust. View Full-Text
Keywords: trust; mineral extraction; environmental perception; local community; herders; Mongolia trust; mineral extraction; environmental perception; local community; herders; Mongolia
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Dagvadorj, L.; Byamba, B.; Ishikawa, M. Effect of Local Community’s Environmental Perception on Trust in a Mining Company: A Case Study in Mongolia. Sustainability 2018, 10, 614.

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