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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 532; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020532

Quinoa Expansion in Peru and Its Implications for Land Use Management

1
Center for Studies and Research in Agribusiness, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 7712, Agronomia, Porto Alegre, CEP 91540-000 RS, Brazil
2
Statistics Department. Av. Bento Gonçalves, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, 9500, Agronomia, Porto Alegre, CEP 91509-900 RS, Brazil
3
Post-Graduate School, National University of the Altiplano, Quinoa Genetic Improvement Program, Av. del Ejército 329, Puno, Peru
4
Center for Studies and Research in Agribusiness, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Joao Pessoa, 31, Porto Alegre, CEP 90040-000 RS, Brazil
5
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, School of Management and Center for Studies and Research in Agribusiness, Rua Washington Luis 855/409, Porto Alegre CEP 90010-460 RS, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2018 / Revised: 8 February 2018 / Accepted: 13 February 2018 / Published: 16 February 2018
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Abstract

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) has gained prominence worldwide over recent years and suddenly Peru has emerged as a major player in the global quinoa market. This study aims to analyze the expansion of quinoa farming in Peru in the period 1995–2014 and to discuss the changes in land-use the country has experienced as a result of the boom in the global demand for quinoa. Two statistical approaches, principal component analysis (PCA) and exponential smoothing, were applied in the data analysis to explore the evolution of the quinoa boom in Peru by periods and to forecast what the acreage expansion rate would have been if the boom had not occurred. The results show that the quinoa boom was responsible for an increase of 43% in the number of hectares planted with quinoa in 2014, in relation to the number predicted if there had been no boom. This provoked an acceleration of production in traditional quinoa farming areas and the extension of this activity to new regions. The consequences are already apparent in the land-use changes seen in Peru, namely the: (i) displacement; (ii) rebound; and (iii) cascade effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: Andean crops; land use; agricultural sustainability; food production; displacement effect; rebound effect; cascade effect Andean crops; land use; agricultural sustainability; food production; displacement effect; rebound effect; cascade effect
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Bedoya-Perales, N.S.; Pumi, G.; Mujica, A.; Talamini, E.; Domingos Padula, A. Quinoa Expansion in Peru and Its Implications for Land Use Management. Sustainability 2018, 10, 532.

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