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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 485; doi:10.3390/su10020485

Sustainability of Water Withdrawals in the Tiber River Basin (Central Italy)

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Perugia, Borgo XX Giugno 74, 06121 Perugia, Italy
Civil Engineering Section, Niccolò Cusano University, Via Don Carlo Gnocchi 3, 00166 Roma, Italy
T4E, University of Perugia Spin-Off, Via Birago 18, 06124 Perugia, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2017 / Revised: 26 January 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 12 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable River Basin Management)
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Problems in the sustainable exploitation of water resources are mainly due to the spatial distribution of uses and are worsened by uncontrolled withdrawals by different activities. In this context, in order to evaluate and manage the available water resources, a decision support system has been developed to support the decision-making processes. This system was implemented on a web platform, in order to manage spatial data and to analyze information on water resources. The system also integrates a WEB-GIS engine for the elaboration and regionalization of data over the river network. The web architecture also makes these tools widely accessible and easily shareable by all stakeholders. The Web-based application was tested successfully in the Tiber River Basin (Central Italy) and focuses on the building of a hydrological database together with an evaluation model for surface water resources. The results provide synthetic information on the sustainability of water allocation scenarios, with particular regard to the feasibility of allowing new dissipative water withdrawal, such as dissipative water use in agricultural production for precision irrigation. The software technology of this project relies on open source code and can also be applied in other fields for the sustainable management of environmental resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: water sustainable management; decision support system; environment; GIS; web water sustainable management; decision support system; environment; GIS; web

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Casadei, S.; Pierleoni, A.; Bellezza, M. Sustainability of Water Withdrawals in the Tiber River Basin (Central Italy). Sustainability 2018, 10, 485.

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