Next Article in Journal
Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship and Business Sustainability
Previous Article in Journal
An Empirical Study on Sustainable Agriculture Land Use Right Transfer in the Heihe River Basin
Previous Article in Special Issue
Informal Land Development on the Urban Fringe
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 451; doi:10.3390/su10020451

Assessing the Merits of the Urban-Led Policy in China: Spread or Backwash Effect?

Department of Finance, Chung-Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan City 32023, Taiwan
Received: 29 December 2017 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 3 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1441 KB, uploaded 9 February 2018]   |  


Shanghai and Beijing, as two megacities, are often regarded as the most successful examples of China’s growth pole policy, which has stirred up a great deal of controversy behind the spread–backwash effects. It is believed that the spread–backwash effects for these two mega metropolitan regions are particularly valuable when evaluating the merits of adopting an “urban-led” policy in China. Moreover, a great deal of effort has been devoted to the cross-section analysis of relevant data. What seems to be lacking, however, is a time-series econometric method. The estimation results using real gross regional product (GRP) over the last 50 years (1967–2016) reveal that a long-run equilibrium exists for these central cities and their suburbs. More noteworthy is the finding that spread and backwash effects coexist in these two metropolitan regions, namely, the central city has spread and backwash effects on its medium-level and low-level suburbs, respectively. Thus, how to diminish the city–suburb gap is our concern and this argument is consistent with the spirit of new-type urbanization policy in China now to create a balanced and equalized metropolitan economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: growth poles; central cities; suburbs; spread–backwash effects; urban-led policy growth poles; central cities; suburbs; spread–backwash effects; urban-led policy

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chiang, S.-H. Assessing the Merits of the Urban-Led Policy in China: Spread or Backwash Effect? Sustainability 2018, 10, 451.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top