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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 435; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020435

Resilience with Mixed Agricultural and Urban Land Uses in Tokyo, Japan

1
Graduate Program in Sustainability Science—Global Leadership Initiative, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8563, Japan
2
Department of Natural Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8563, Japan
3
Department of Urban Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 December 2017 / Revised: 20 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
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Abstract

Urban agriculture can enhance the resilience of neighborhoods by providing fresh food in times of natural disasters; however, there is little empirical evidence to support this. Therefore, this study proposes a methodology to identify patterns of agricultural production in urban areas by quantifying self-sufficiency rates in vegetable weight and key nutrients. A spatial grid cell analysis using a geographic information system (GIS) identifies the current and potential self-sufficiency of each land use pattern in Tokyo. In a total of 1479 grid cells, the dominant land use and locations of 49,263 agricultural plots led to the categorization of six distinguishable land use patterns. The results showed that Tokyo has a fruit and vegetable self-sufficiency of 4.27% and a potential of 11.73%. The nutritional self-sufficiency of selected nutrients was the highest in vitamin K (6.54%), followed by vitamin C (3.84%) and vitamin A (1.92%). Peri-urban areas showed the highest resilience in relation to aggregated risks and population density because of the mixture in agricultural and urban land uses. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban agriculture; resilience; land use; vacant land; neighborhood; food security; dietary nutrition urban agriculture; resilience; land use; vacant land; neighborhood; food security; dietary nutrition
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Sioen, G.B.; Terada, T.; Sekiyama, M.; Yokohari, M. Resilience with Mixed Agricultural and Urban Land Uses in Tokyo, Japan. Sustainability 2018, 10, 435.

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