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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 289; doi:10.3390/su10020289

Towards Urban Resilience through Inter-City Networks of Co-Invention: A Case Study of U.S. Cities

Department of Urban Planning and Development Management, Chinese Culture University, Taipei 11114, Taiwan
Received: 22 December 2017 / Revised: 16 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 24 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilient Architectural and Urban Design)
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Knowledge creation involves social and collaborative processes with local and extra-local partners. The space of knowledge flows functions as a system of networks where knowledge is transmitted around different alignments of agents in distant places. Scholars argue that the concept of urban resilience combines local and extra-local competencies to develop an inter-city system, this is a major strategy for cities to mitigate and adapt to climate change and economic recession. Little attention has been given to the role of networks in co-invention and few empirical studies have been conducted. This article provides insights into the structure of inter-city networks of co-invention by examining the relative importance of the network compared with spatial proximity in biotechnology co-patenting across 150 American cities from 1983 to 2013. Results show that the U.S. inter-city structure gradually becomes more explicit, apparent, and identifiable in the network-based system. Network proximity better defines the biotechnology co-patenting relationships among the U.S. cities compared with spatial proximity. The current inter-city networks of co-invention are mostly regional, with some national but few local ties. This structure provides a way to develop mitigation and adaptation policies for climate disasters or economic recessions. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban resilience; co-invention; network; proximity; knowledge exchange; biotechnology; patent urban resilience; co-invention; network; proximity; knowledge exchange; biotechnology; patent

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lee, D.-S. Towards Urban Resilience through Inter-City Networks of Co-Invention: A Case Study of U.S. Cities. Sustainability 2018, 10, 289.

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