On the Sustainability and Progress of Energy Neutral Mineral Processing
AbstractA number of primary ores such as phosphate rock, gold-, copper- and rare earth ores contain considerable amounts of accompanying uranium and other critical materials. Energy neutral mineral processing is the extraction of unconventional uranium during primary ore processing to use it, after enrichment and fuel production, to generate greenhouse gas lean energy in a nuclear reactor. Energy neutrality is reached if the energy produced from the extracted uranium is equal to or larger than the energy required for primary ore processing, uranium extraction, -conversion, -enrichment and -fuel production. This work discusses the sustainability of energy neutral mineral processing and provides an overview of the current progress of a multinational research project on that topic conducted under the umbrella of the International Atomic Energy Agency. View Full-Text
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Reitsma, F.; Woods, P.; Fairclough, M.; Kim, Y.; Tulsidas, H.; Lopez, L.; Zheng, Y.; Hussein, A.; Brinkmann, G.; Haneklaus, N.; Kacham, A.R.; Sreenivas, T.; Sumaryanto, A.; Trinopiawan, K.; Al Khaledi, N.; Zahari, A.; El Yahyaoui, A.; Ahmad, J.; Reyes, R.; Kiegiel, K.; Abbes, N.; Mwalongo, D.; Greaves, E.D. On the Sustainability and Progress of Energy Neutral Mineral Processing. Sustainability 2018, 10, 235.
Reitsma F, Woods P, Fairclough M, Kim Y, Tulsidas H, Lopez L, Zheng Y, Hussein A, Brinkmann G, Haneklaus N, Kacham AR, Sreenivas T, Sumaryanto A, Trinopiawan K, Al Khaledi N, Zahari A, El Yahyaoui A, Ahmad J, Reyes R, Kiegiel K, Abbes N, Mwalongo D, Greaves ED. On the Sustainability and Progress of Energy Neutral Mineral Processing. Sustainability. 2018; 10(1):235.Chicago/Turabian Style
Reitsma, Frederik; Woods, Peter; Fairclough, Martin; Kim, Yongjin; Tulsidas, Harikrishnan; Lopez, Luis; Zheng, Yanhua; Hussein, Ahmed; Brinkmann, Gerd; Haneklaus, Nils; Kacham, Anand R.; Sreenivas, Tumuluri; Sumaryanto, Agus; Trinopiawan, Kurnia; Al Khaledi, Nahhar; Zahari, Ahmad; El Yahyaoui, Adil; Ahmad, Jamil; Reyes, Rolando; Kiegiel, Katarzyna; Abbes, Noureddine; Mwalongo, Dennis; Greaves, Eduardo D. 2018. "On the Sustainability and Progress of Energy Neutral Mineral Processing." Sustainability 10, no. 1: 235.
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