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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 135; doi:10.3390/su10010135

Study on the Relationship between Land Transport and Economic Growth in Xinjiang

1
National Engineering Technology Research Center for Desert-Oasis Ecological Construction, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100000, China
3
Transport Department of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830000, China
4
Institute of arid Ecology and Environment, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2017 / Revised: 3 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 8 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

Xinjiang’s land transport network is mainly comprised of highways and railways. Using statistical data from 1985 to 2015, this study applies the Lotka-Volterra model to investigate the competitive interactions among highway transport, railway transport, and the regional economy of Xinjiang. We can draw the following conclusions: First, highway mileage, highway passenger transportation, and railway freight transportation have played a significant role in promoting the development of the national economy in Xinjiang, while the latter has weakened highway passenger transportation and promoted the growth of the added value of transportation industry (AVTI), railway mileage, and railway passenger transportation. Second, highway passenger transportation enhances the development of railway passenger transportation, while railway freight transportation has played the same role in the development of highway freight transportation. Third, the increase in AVTI will increase total population, but both may have a negative impact on the national economy in the short term. Fourth, there is no significant relationship between the economy and transportation investment. View Full-Text
Keywords: highway transport; railway transport; Xinjiang; GDP; LV model highway transport; railway transport; Xinjiang; GDP; LV model
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Sun, J.; Li, Z.; Lei, J.; Teng, D.; Li, S. Study on the Relationship between Land Transport and Economic Growth in Xinjiang. Sustainability 2018, 10, 135.

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