Sustainability 2009, 1(4), 1412-1430; doi:10.3390/su1041412
Article

Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means

Received: 26 October 2009; Accepted: 16 December 2009 / Published: 21 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Forum for Sustainable Development)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This paper provides a critical review of sustainability, including its definitions, dimensions, measurements, and practices, as well as approaches to achieve sustainability. It raises questions about conventional definitions and argues for taking into account the geographic dimension of sustainability for better understanding of the regional differences in sustainability and transition to sustainability. The paper proposes that sustainability should be defined as "living within one’s own ecological means." This definition pays attention to regional disparities in biocapacity and ecological footprint. It realizes that not all people’s present and future needs may be met in all regions of the world.
Keywords: sustainability definition; sustainability transition; sustainability science; ecological footprint; Environmental Kuznets Curve; geography; weak sustainability; strong sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, L. Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means. Sustainability 2009, 1, 1412-1430.

AMA Style

Liu L. Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means. Sustainability. 2009; 1(4):1412-1430.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Lee. 2009. "Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means." Sustainability 1, no. 4: 1412-1430.

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