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Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means
Department of Geography and Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Central Missouri, Wood 8, Warrensburg, MO 64093, USA
Received: 26 October 2009; Accepted: 16 December 2009 / Published: 21 December 2009
Abstract: This paper provides a critical review of sustainability, including its definitions, dimensions, measurements, and practices, as well as approaches to achieve sustainability. It raises questions about conventional definitions and argues for taking into account the geographic dimension of sustainability for better understanding of the regional differences in sustainability and transition to sustainability. The paper proposes that sustainability should be defined as "living within one’s own ecological means." This definition pays attention to regional disparities in biocapacity and ecological footprint. It realizes that not all people’s present and future needs may be met in all regions of the world.
Keywords: sustainability definition; sustainability transition; sustainability science; ecological footprint; Environmental Kuznets Curve; geography; weak sustainability; strong sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style
Liu, L. Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means. Sustainability 2009, 1, 1412-1430.
Liu L. Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means. Sustainability. 2009; 1(4):1412-1430.
Liu, Lee. 2009. "Sustainability: Living within One’s Own Ecological Means." Sustainability 1, no. 4: 1412-1430.