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World Electr. Veh. J. 2018, 9(2), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj9020032

Electric Vehicles in Rural Demand-Responsive Systems: Findings of Two Demand Responsive Transport Projects for the Improvement of Service Provision

1
Institute of Railway and Transportation Engineering, University of Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 7, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Match Rider UG, Ziegelhäuser Landstraße 39, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
3
Institute of Transportation Research Stuttgart (VWI), Torstraße 20, 70173 Stuttgart, Germany
4
Institute of Business Administration - Chair of Information Systems II, University of Stuttgart, Keplerstraße 17, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 June 2018 / Revised: 3 August 2018 / Accepted: 6 August 2018 / Published: 13 August 2018
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Abstract

To fill in mobility gaps, volunteer-based flexible transit solutions have been successfully implemented in Germany since early 1980s. These concepts have evolved to address a diverse array of needs and situations, and to incorporate new solutions and technologies. Such is the case of electrical vehicles (EVs), which have found an application in these systems through state-run initiatives seeking to promote sustainable mobility. This article presents two electric-car volunteer-based rural demand-responsive services, namely, a Buerger(ruf)auto (Dial-a-ride or “Citizen-operated-car”) and a Buergerbus (“Citizen-operated-bus”). The article outlines specific aspects of the EVs that are used, which need to be addressed to in order to achieve an operational efficiency that is comparable to an equivalent service using internal combustion vehicles. Specific challenges are identified, namely in relation to the technological limitations, and the size and characteristic of the vehicles required. In addition, specific challenges include the need for the vehicle components that allow data gathering directly from the car’s electric motor in order to analyze the car’s performance under different operational conditions. The article mentions the issues explicitly and specifies what would be required of electrical vehicles to become an asset in the provision of demand-responsive systems in rural settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: demand responsive transport; rural mobility; electromobility; volunteer-based transport demand responsive transport; rural mobility; electromobility; volunteer-based transport
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Camacho Alcocer, D.; Krams, B.; Körner, M.; Hantsch, F.; Martin, U.; Herzwurm, G. Electric Vehicles in Rural Demand-Responsive Systems: Findings of Two Demand Responsive Transport Projects for the Improvement of Service Provision. World Electr. Veh. J. 2018, 9, 32.

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