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Future Internet 2015, 7(1), 1-23; doi:10.3390/fi7010001

Geographic Ontologies, Gazetteers and Multilingualism

LIRIS—INSA de Lyon—Université de Lyon, 20 avenue Albert Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne cedex, France
Academic Editors: Robert Amor and Salvatore Flavio Pileggi
Received: 31 August 2014 / Accepted: 1 December 2014 / Published: 5 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Semantic Geographic Information System (Semantic GIS))
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Abstract

Different languages imply different visions of space, so that terminologies are different in geographic ontologies. In addition to their geometric shapes, geographic features have names, sometimes different in diverse languages. In addition, the role of gazetteers, as dictionaries of place names (toponyms), is to maintain relations between place names and location. The scope of geographic information retrieval is to search for geographic information not against a database, but against the whole Internet: but the Internet stores information in different languages, and it is of paramount importance not to remain stuck to a unique language. In this paper, our first step is to clarify the links between geographic objects as computer representations of geographic features, ontologies and gazetteers designed in various languages. Then, we propose some inference rules for matching not only types, but also relations in geographic ontologies with the assistance of gazetteers. View Full-Text
Keywords: geographic information science; geographic knowledge; geographic ontologies; typonyms; gazetteers; multilingualism; geographic ontology matching; geographic reasoning geographic information science; geographic knowledge; geographic ontologies; typonyms; gazetteers; multilingualism; geographic ontology matching; geographic reasoning
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Laurini, R. Geographic Ontologies, Gazetteers and Multilingualism. Future Internet 2015, 7, 1-23.

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