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Pharmaceutics 2014, 6(4), 543-556; doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics6040543

What do Portuguese Women Prefer Regarding Vaginal Products? Results from a Cross-Sectional Web-Based Survey

1
CICS-UBI: Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Av. Infante D. Henrique, 6200-506 Covilhã, Portugal
2
Pharmacy Department, Centro Hospitalar Cova da Beira, 6200-251 Covilhã, Portugal
3
Labfit–Health Products Research and Development (HPRD), Lda, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Av. Infante D. Henrique, 6200-506 Covilhã, Portugal
4
NECE–Research Unit in Business Sciences, Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal
5
INEB–Instituto de Engenharia Biomédica, University of Porto, 4150-180 Porto, Portugal
6
CESPU, Instituto de Investigação e Formação Avançada em Ciências e Tecnologias da Saúde, 4585-116 Gandra PRD, Portugal
7
Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
8
Child and Woman's Health Department, Centro Hospitalar Cova da Beira, 6200-251 Covilhã, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2014 / Revised: 9 October 2014 / Accepted: 10 October 2014 / Published: 21 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dosage Forms and Delivery Systems for Vaginal Therapy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [930 KB, uploaded 21 October 2014]   |  

Abstract

Therapeutic outcomes of vaginal products depend not only on their ability to deliver drugs to or through the vagina but also on acceptability and correct use. Women’s preferences, in turn, may vary according to age and cultural backgrounds. In this work, an anonymous online survey was completed by 2529 Portuguese women to assess their preferences for physical characteristics and mode of application of vaginal products, according to age. Additionally, intention to use and misconceptions about these issues were assessed. The majority of women of all age groups would use vaginal products to treat or prevent diseases, upon medical prescription. Women preferred vaginal products to be odorless and colorless gels, creams and ointments composed by natural origin drugs/excipients and applied by means of an applicator. Although the majority of women would prefer not to insert any product in the vagina, intention to use for self and recommendation to use for others was associated with previous experiences with vaginal products. General concerns and misconceptions related to use of vaginal products were rare. These data may contribute to the development of products that women are more prone to use. View Full-Text
Keywords: acceptability; vaginal dosage forms; vaginal products; women’s preferences acceptability; vaginal dosage forms; vaginal products; women’s preferences
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Palmeira-de-Oliveira, R.; Duarte, P.; Palmeira-de-Oliveira, A.; das Neves, J.; Amaral, M.H.; Breitenfeld, L.; Martinez-de-Oliveira, J. What do Portuguese Women Prefer Regarding Vaginal Products? Results from a Cross-Sectional Web-Based Survey. Pharmaceutics 2014, 6, 543-556.

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