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Viruses 2017, 9(10), 272; doi:10.3390/v9100272

The Evolutionary History and Spatiotemporal Dynamics of the NC Lineage of Citrus Tristeza Virus

Laboratorio de Virología Molecular, Centro Universitario Regional Litoral Norte (CENUR Litoral Norte), Universidad de la República (UdelaR), Rivera 1350, 50000 Salto, Uruguay
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 3 August 2017 / Revised: 4 September 2017 / Accepted: 21 September 2017 / Published: 12 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Viruses of Plants, Fungi and Protozoa)
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Abstract

Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is a major pathogen affecting citrus trees worldwide. However, few studies have focused on CTV’s evolutionary history and geographic behavior. CTV is locally dispersed by an aphid vector and long distance dispersion due to transportation of contaminated material. With the aim to delve deeper into the CTV-NC (New Clade) genotype evolution, we estimated an evolution rate of 1.19 × 10−3 subs/site/year and the most common recent ancestor in 1977. Furthermore, the place of origin of the genotype was in the United States, and a great expansion of the population was observed in Uruguay. This expansion phase could be a consequence of the increment in the number of naïve citrus trees in Uruguayan orchards encompassing citrus industry growth in the past years. View Full-Text
Keywords: citrus tristeza virus; evolution rate; phylogeography; NC genotype citrus tristeza virus; evolution rate; phylogeography; NC genotype
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Benítez-Galeano, M.J.; Castells, M.; Colina, R. The Evolutionary History and Spatiotemporal Dynamics of the NC Lineage of Citrus Tristeza Virus. Viruses 2017, 9, 272.

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