Capsid-Targeted Viral Inactivation: A Novel Tactic for Inhibiting Replication in Viral Infections
AbstractCapsid-targeted viral inactivation (CTVI), a conceptually powerful new antiviral strategy, is attracting increasing attention from researchers. Specifically, this strategy is based on fusion between the capsid protein of a virus and a crucial effector molecule, such as a nuclease (e.g., staphylococcal nuclease, Barrase, RNase HI), lipase, protease, or single-chain antibody (scAb). In general, capsid proteins have a major role in viral integration and assembly, and the effector molecule used in CTVI functions to degrade viral DNA/RNA or interfere with proper folding of viral key proteins, thereby affecting the infectivity of progeny viruses. Interestingly, such a capsid–enzyme fusion protein is incorporated into virions during packaging. CTVI is more efficient compared to other antiviral methods, and this approach is promising for antiviral prophylaxis and therapy. This review summarizes the mechanism and utility of CTVI and provides some successful applications of this strategy, with the ultimate goal of widely implementing CTVI in antiviral research. View Full-Text
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Zhang, X.; Jia, R.; Zhou, J.; Wang, M.; Yin, Z.; Cheng, A. Capsid-Targeted Viral Inactivation: A Novel Tactic for Inhibiting Replication in Viral Infections. Viruses 2016, 8, 258.
Zhang X, Jia R, Zhou J, Wang M, Yin Z, Cheng A. Capsid-Targeted Viral Inactivation: A Novel Tactic for Inhibiting Replication in Viral Infections. Viruses. 2016; 8(9):258.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Xingcui; Jia, Renyong; Zhou, Jiakun; Wang, Mingshu; Yin, Zhongqiong; Cheng, Anchun. 2016. "Capsid-Targeted Viral Inactivation: A Novel Tactic for Inhibiting Replication in Viral Infections." Viruses 8, no. 9: 258.
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