Nuclear Translocation of Crk Adaptor Proteins by the Influenza A Virus NS1 Protein
AbstractThe non-structural protein-1 (NS1) of many influenza A strains, especially those of avian origin, contains an SH3 ligand motif, which binds tightly to the cellular adaptor proteins Crk (Chicken tumor virus number 10 (CT10) regulator of kinase) and Crk-like adapter protein (CrkL). This interaction has been shown to potentiate NS1-induced activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), but additional effects on the host cell physiology may exist. Here we show that NS1 can induce an efficient translocation of Crk proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, which results in an altered pattern of nuclear protein tyrosine phosphorylation. This was not observed using NS1 proteins deficient in SH3 binding or engineered to be exclusively cytoplasmic, indicating a physical role for NS1 as a carrier in the nuclear translocation of Crk. These data further emphasize the role of Crk proteins as host cell interaction partners of NS1, and highlight the potential for host cell manipulation gained by a viral protein simply via acquiring a short SH3 binding motif. View Full-Text
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Ylösmäki, L.; Fagerlund, R.; Kuisma, I.; Julkunen, I.; Saksela, K. Nuclear Translocation of Crk Adaptor Proteins by the Influenza A Virus NS1 Protein. Viruses 2016, 8, 101.
Ylösmäki L, Fagerlund R, Kuisma I, Julkunen I, Saksela K. Nuclear Translocation of Crk Adaptor Proteins by the Influenza A Virus NS1 Protein. Viruses. 2016; 8(4):101.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ylösmäki, Leena; Fagerlund, Riku; Kuisma, Inka; Julkunen, Ilkka; Saksela, Kalle. 2016. "Nuclear Translocation of Crk Adaptor Proteins by the Influenza A Virus NS1 Protein." Viruses 8, no. 4: 101.