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Viruses 2015, 7(9), 4911-4928; doi:10.3390/v7092851

Insect-Specific Virus Discovery: Significance for the Arbovirus Community

Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Department of Pathology,University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
Present address: Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, TX 78756, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karyn Johnson
Received: 9 May 2015 / Revised: 31 July 2015 / Accepted: 31 July 2015 / Published: 10 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of the Insect Microbiome on Arbovirus Transmission)
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Abstract

Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses), especially those transmitted by mosquitoes, are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in humans and animals worldwide. Recent discoveries indicate that mosquitoes are naturally infected with a wide range of other viruses, many within taxa occupied by arboviruses that are considered insect-specific. Over the past ten years there has been a dramatic increase in the literature describing novel insect-specific virus detection in mosquitoes, which has provided new insights about viral diversity and evolution, including that of arboviruses. It has also raised questions about what effects the mosquito virome has on arbovirus transmission. Additionally, the discovery of these new viruses has generated interest in their potential use as biological control agents as well as novel vaccine platforms. The arbovirus community will benefit from the growing database of knowledge concerning these newly described viral endosymbionts, as their impacts will likely be far reaching. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect-specific virus; arbovirus; evolution; vector competence; vaccine insect-specific virus; arbovirus; evolution; vector competence; vaccine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bolling, B.G.; Weaver, S.C.; Tesh, R.B.; Vasilakis, N. Insect-Specific Virus Discovery: Significance for the Arbovirus Community. Viruses 2015, 7, 4911-4928.

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