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Viruses 2015, 7(7), 3891-3909; doi:10.3390/v7072803

Optimization and Characterization of Candidate Strain for Coxsackievirus A16 Inactivated Vaccine

1
First Hospital of Jilin University, Institute of Virology and AIDS Research, 130061 Changchun, China
2
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Curt Hagedorn
Received: 22 April 2015 / Revised: 20 June 2015 / Accepted: 1 July 2015 / Published: 17 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Antivirals & Vaccines)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1182 KB, uploaded 17 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) and enterovirus 71 (EV71), both of which can cause hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), are responsible for large epidemics in Asian and Pacific areas. Although inactivated EV71 vaccines have completed testing in phase III clinical trials in Mainland China, CA16 vaccines are still under development. A Vero cell-based inactivated CA16 vaccine was developed by our group. Screening identified a CA16 vaccine strain (CC024) isolated from HFMD patients, which had broad cross-protective abilities and satisfied all requirements for vaccine production. Identification of the biological characteristics showed that the CA16CC024 strain had the highest titer (107.5 CCID50/mL) in Vero cells, which would benefit the development of an EV71/CA16 divalent vaccine. A potential vaccine manufacturing process was established, including the selection of optimal time for virus harvesting, membrane for diafiltration and concentration, gel-filtration chromatography for the down-stream virus purification and virus inactivation method. Altogether, the analyses suggested that the CC-16, a limiting dilution clone of the CC024 strain, with good genetic stability, high titer and broad-spectrum immunogenicity, would be the best candidate strain for a CA16 inactivated vaccine. Therefore, our study provides valuable information for the development of a Vero cell-based CA16 or EV71-CA16 divalent inactivated vaccine. View Full-Text
Keywords: Coxsackievirus A16; HFMD; vaccine candidate strain; inactivated vaccine Coxsackievirus A16; HFMD; vaccine candidate strain; inactivated vaccine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, J.; Liu, G.; Liu, X.; Yang, J.; Chang, J.; Zhang, W.; Yu, X.-F. Optimization and Characterization of Candidate Strain for Coxsackievirus A16 Inactivated Vaccine. Viruses 2015, 7, 3891-3909.

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