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Viruses 2015, 7(1), 306-319; doi:10.3390/v7010306

History and Current Status of Development and Use of Viral Insecticides in China

Key Laboratory of Agricultural and Environmental Microbiology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China
Academic Editors: John Burand and Madoka Nakai
Received: 1 December 2014 / Revised: 29 December 2014 / Accepted: 14 January 2015 / Published: 20 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Viruses and Their Use for Microbial Pest Control)
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Abstract

The use of insect viruses as biological control agents started in the early 1960s in China. To date, more than 32 viruses have been used to control insect pests in agriculture, forestry, pastures, and domestic gardens in China. In 2014, 57 products from 11 viruses were authorized as commercial viral insecticides by the Ministry of Agriculture of China. Approximately 1600 tons of viral insecticidal formulations have been produced annually in recent years, accounting for about 0.2% of the total insecticide output of China. The development and use of Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus, Mamestra brassicae nucleopolyhedrovirus, Spodoptera litura nucleopolyhedrovirus, and Periplaneta fuliginosa densovirus are discussed as case studies. Additionally, some baculoviruses have been genetically modified to improve their killing rate, infectivity, and ultraviolet resistance. In this context, the biosafety assessment of a genetically modified Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: viral insecticides; commercialization; genetic modification viral insecticides; commercialization; genetic modification
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sun, X. History and Current Status of Development and Use of Viral Insecticides in China. Viruses 2015, 7, 306-319.

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