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Viruses 2014, 6(5), 2155-2185; doi:10.3390/v6052155
Review

The DNA Damage Response Induced by Infection with Human Cytomegalovirus and Other Viruses

1,2
 and 1,2,*
Received: 31 January 2014; in revised form: 2 May 2014 / Accepted: 8 May 2014 / Published: 23 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent CMV Research)
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Abstract: Viruses use different strategies to overcome the host defense system. Recent studies have shown that viruses can induce DNA damage response (DDR). Many of these viruses use DDR signaling to benefit their replication, while other viruses block or inactivate DDR signaling. This review focuses on the effects of DDR and DNA repair on human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication. Here, we review the DDR induced by HCMV infection and its similarities and differences to DDR induced by other viruses. As DDR signaling pathways are critical for the replication of many viruses, blocking these pathways may represent novel therapeutic opportunities for the treatment of certain infectious diseases. Lastly, future perspectives in the field are discussed.
Keywords: HCMV; cell cycle; DNA damage response; DDR; ATM HCMV; cell cycle; DNA damage response; DDR; ATM
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

E, X.; Kowalik, T.F. The DNA Damage Response Induced by Infection with Human Cytomegalovirus and Other Viruses. Viruses 2014, 6, 2155-2185.

AMA Style

E X, Kowalik TF. The DNA Damage Response Induced by Infection with Human Cytomegalovirus and Other Viruses. Viruses. 2014; 6(5):2155-2185.

Chicago/Turabian Style

E, Xiaofei; Kowalik, Timothy F. 2014. "The DNA Damage Response Induced by Infection with Human Cytomegalovirus and Other Viruses." Viruses 6, no. 5: 2155-2185.



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