Viruses 2014, 6(3), 1188-1201; doi:10.3390/v6031188
Article

Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus in Honeybee Queens: Evaluating Susceptibility and Infection Routes

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Received: 21 January 2014; in revised form: 4 March 2014 / Accepted: 5 March 2014 / Published: 11 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Insect Viruses)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV) is known as a disease of worker honey bees. To investigate pathogenesis of the CBPV on the queen, the sole reproductive individual in a colony, we conducted experiments regarding the susceptibility of queens to CBPV. Results from susceptibility experiment showed a similar disease progress in the queens compared to worker bees after infection. Infected queens exhibit symptoms by Day 6 post infection and virus levels reach 1011 copies per head. In a transmission experiment we showed that social interactions may affect the disease progression. Queens with forced contact to symptomatic worker bees acquired an overt infection with up to 1011 virus copies per head in six days. In contrast, queens in contact with symptomatic worker bees, but with a chance to receive food from healthy bees outside the cage appeared healthy. The virus loads did not exceed 107 in the majority of these queens after nine days. Symptomatic worker bees may transmit sufficient active CBPV particles to the queen through trophallaxis, to cause an overt infection.
Keywords: honeybee; chronic bee paralysis virus; queen susceptibility; worker to queen transmission; throphallaxis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amiri, E.; Meixner, M.; Büchler, R.; Kryger, P. Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus in Honeybee Queens: Evaluating Susceptibility and Infection Routes. Viruses 2014, 6, 1188-1201.

AMA Style

Amiri E, Meixner M, Büchler R, Kryger P. Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus in Honeybee Queens: Evaluating Susceptibility and Infection Routes. Viruses. 2014; 6(3):1188-1201.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amiri, Esmaeil; Meixner, Marina; Büchler, Ralph; Kryger, Per. 2014. "Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus in Honeybee Queens: Evaluating Susceptibility and Infection Routes." Viruses 6, no. 3: 1188-1201.


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