Assessing Proteinase K Resistance of Fish Prion Proteins in a Scrapie-Infected Mouse Neuroblastoma Cell Line
AbstractThe key event in prion pathogenesis is the structural conversion of the normal cellular protein, PrPC, into an aberrant and partially proteinase K resistant isoform, PrPSc. Since the minimum requirement for a prion disease phenotype is the expression of endogenous PrP in the host, species carrying orthologue prion genes, such as fish, could in theory support prion pathogenesis. Our previous work has demonstrated the development of abnormal protein deposition in sea bream brain, following oral challenge of the fish with natural prion infectious material. In this study, we used a prion-infected mouse neuroblastoma cell line for the expression of three different mature fish PrP proteins and the evaluation of the resistance of the exogenously expressed proteins to proteinase K treatment (PK), as an indicator of a possible prion conversion. No evidence of resistance to PK was detected for any of the studied recombinant proteins. Although not indicative of an absolute inability of the fish PrPs to structurally convert to pathogenic isoforms, the absence of PK-resistance may be due to supramolecular and conformational differences between the mammalian and piscine PrPs. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Salta, E.; Kanata, E.; Ouzounis, C.A.; Gilch, S.; Schätzl, H.; Sklaviadis, T. Assessing Proteinase K Resistance of Fish Prion Proteins in a Scrapie-Infected Mouse Neuroblastoma Cell Line. Viruses 2014, 6, 4398-4421.
Salta E, Kanata E, Ouzounis CA, Gilch S, Schätzl H, Sklaviadis T. Assessing Proteinase K Resistance of Fish Prion Proteins in a Scrapie-Infected Mouse Neuroblastoma Cell Line. Viruses. 2014; 6(11):4398-4421.Chicago/Turabian Style
Salta, Evgenia; Kanata, Eirini; Ouzounis, Christos A.; Gilch, Sabine; Schätzl, Hermann; Sklaviadis, Theodoros. 2014. "Assessing Proteinase K Resistance of Fish Prion Proteins in a Scrapie-Infected Mouse Neuroblastoma Cell Line." Viruses 6, no. 11: 4398-4421.