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Viruses 2014, 6(11), 4373-4397; doi:10.3390/v6114373

Bunyavirus-Vector Interactions

1
Biosecurity Research Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
2
Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2014 / Revised: 30 October 2014 / Accepted: 4 November 2014 / Published: 13 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interactions between Arboviruses and Arthropod Vectors)
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Abstract

The Bunyaviridae family is comprised of more than 350 viruses, of which many within the Hantavirus, Orthobunyavirus, Nairovirus, Tospovirus, and Phlebovirus genera are significant human or agricultural pathogens. The viruses within the Orthobunyavirus, Nairovirus, and Phlebovirus genera are transmitted by hematophagous arthropods, such as mosquitoes, midges, flies, and ticks, and their associated arthropods not only serve as vectors but also as virus reservoirs in many cases. This review presents an overview of several important emerging or re-emerging bunyaviruses and describes what is known about bunyavirus-vector interactions based on epidemiological, ultrastructural, and genetic studies of members of this virus family. View Full-Text
Keywords: bunyavirus; Aedes mosquito; Culex mosquito; tick; hemorrhagic fever bunyavirus; Aedes mosquito; Culex mosquito; tick; hemorrhagic fever
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Horne, K.M.; Vanlandingham, D.L. Bunyavirus-Vector Interactions. Viruses 2014, 6, 4373-4397.

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