Viruses 2013, 5(4), 1153-1174; doi:10.3390/v5041153
Article

Characterization of Clade 2.3.2.1 H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses Isolated from Wild Birds (Mandarin Duck and Eurasian Eagle Owl) in 2010 in Korea

Received: 25 March 2013; in revised form: 18 April 2013 / Accepted: 20 April 2013 / Published: 23 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue H5N1 Influenza Virus)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Starting in late November 2010, the H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus was isolated from many types of wild ducks and raptors and was subsequently isolated from poultry in Korea. We assessed the genetic and pathogenic properties of the HPAI viruses isolated from a fecal sample from a mandarin duck and a dead Eurasian eagle owl, the most affected wild bird species during the 2010/2011 HPAI outbreak in Korea. These viruses have similar genetic backgrounds and exhibited the highest genetic similarity with recent Eurasian clade 2.3.2.1 HPAI viruses. In animal inoculation experiments, regardless of their originating hosts, the two Korean isolates produced highly pathogenic characteristics in chickens, ducks and mice without pre-adaptation. These results raise concerns about veterinary and public health. Surveillance of wild birds could provide a good early warning signal for possible HPAI infection in poultry as well as in humans.
Keywords: H5N1; highly pathogenic avian influenza; clade 2.3.2.1
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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, J.-G.; Kang, H.-M.; Jeon, W.-J.; Choi, K.-S.; Kim, K.-I.; Song, B.M.; Lee, H.-S.; Kim, J.-H.; Lee, Y.-J. Characterization of Clade 2.3.2.1 H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses Isolated from Wild Birds (Mandarin Duck and Eurasian Eagle Owl) in 2010 in Korea. Viruses 2013, 5, 1153-1174.

AMA Style

Choi J-G, Kang H-M, Jeon W-J, Choi K-S, Kim K-I, Song BM, Lee H-S, Kim J-H, Lee Y-J. Characterization of Clade 2.3.2.1 H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses Isolated from Wild Birds (Mandarin Duck and Eurasian Eagle Owl) in 2010 in Korea. Viruses. 2013; 5(4):1153-1174.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Jun-Gu; Kang, Hyun-Mi; Jeon, Woo-Jin; Choi, Kang-Seuk; Kim, Kwang-Il; Song, Byung M.; Lee, Hee-Soo; Kim, Jae-Hong; Lee, Youn-Jeong. 2013. "Characterization of Clade 2.3.2.1 H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses Isolated from Wild Birds (Mandarin Duck and Eurasian Eagle Owl) in 2010 in Korea." Viruses 5, no. 4: 1153-1174.

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