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Viruses 2012, 4(12), 3589-3605; doi:10.3390/v4123589
Review

Development of Live-Attenuated Influenza Vaccines against Outbreaks of H5N1 Influenza

1,†
, 1,†
 and 1,2,*
Received: 2 October 2012; in revised form: 14 November 2012 / Accepted: 22 November 2012 / Published: 10 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue H5N1 Influenza Virus)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [272 KB, uploaded 10 December 2012]
Abstract: Several global outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus have increased the urgency of developing effective and safe vaccines against H5N1. Compared with H5N1 inactivated vaccines used widely, H5N1 live-attenuated influenza vaccines (LAIVs) have advantages in vaccine efficacy, dose-saving formula, long-lasting effect, ease of administration and some cross-protective immunity. Furthermore, H5N1 LAIVs induce both humoral and cellular immune responses, especially including improved IgA production at the mucosa. The current trend of H5N1 LAIVs development is toward cold-adapted, temperature-sensitive or replication-defective vaccines, and moreover, H5N1 LAIVs plus mucosal adjuvants are promising candidates. This review provides an update on the advantages and development of H5N1 live-attenuated influenza vaccines.
Keywords: influenza; H5N1; live-attenuated influenza vaccines; cross-protection; adjuvants influenza; H5N1; live-attenuated influenza vaccines; cross-protection; adjuvants
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, D.; Yi, Y.; Chen, Z. Development of Live-Attenuated Influenza Vaccines against Outbreaks of H5N1 Influenza. Viruses 2012, 4, 3589-3605.

AMA Style

Zheng D, Yi Y, Chen Z. Development of Live-Attenuated Influenza Vaccines against Outbreaks of H5N1 Influenza. Viruses. 2012; 4(12):3589-3605.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zheng, Dan; Yi, Yinglei; Chen, Ze. 2012. "Development of Live-Attenuated Influenza Vaccines against Outbreaks of H5N1 Influenza." Viruses 4, no. 12: 3589-3605.



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