Viruses 2011, 3(9), 1699-1738; doi:10.3390/v3091699
Review

Recombination in Eukaryotic Single Stranded DNA Viruses

1 Computational Biology Group, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 4579, South Africa 2 UMR CNRS 6578 Anthropologie Bioculturelle, Equipe “Emergence et co-évolution virale”, Etablissement Français du Sang Alpes-Méditerranée, Université de la Méditerranée, 27 Bd. Jean Moulin, 13005 Marseille, France 3 CIRAD, UMR 53 PVBMT CIRAD-Université de la Réunion, Pôle de Protection des Plantes, Ligne Paradis, 97410, Saint Pierre, La Réunion, France 4 CIRAD, UMR BGPI, TA A-54/K, Campus International de Montferrier-Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier, France 5 Electron Microscope Unit, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town 7701, South Africa 6 Biomolecular Interaction Centre, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand 7 School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2011; in revised form: 18 August 2011 / Accepted: 5 September 2011 / Published: 13 September 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recombination in Viruses)
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Abstract: Although single stranded (ss) DNA viruses that infect humans and their domesticated animals do not generally cause major diseases, the arthropod borne ssDNA viruses of plants do, and as a result seriously constrain food production in most temperate regions of the world. Besides the well known plant and animal-infecting ssDNA viruses, it has recently become apparent through metagenomic surveys of ssDNA molecules that there also exist large numbers of other diverse ssDNA viruses within almost all terrestrial and aquatic environments. The host ranges of these viruses probably span the tree of life and they are likely to be important components of global ecosystems. Various lines of evidence suggest that a pivotal evolutionary process during the generation of this global ssDNA virus diversity has probably been genetic recombination. High rates of homologous recombination, non-homologous recombination and genome component reassortment are known to occur within and between various different ssDNA virus species and we look here at the various roles that these different types of recombination may play, both in the day-to-day biology, and in the longer term evolution, of these viruses. We specifically focus on the ecological, biochemical and selective factors underlying patterns of genetic exchange detectable amongst the ssDNA viruses and discuss how these should all be considered when assessing the adaptive value of recombination during ssDNA virus evolution.
Keywords: parvovirus; geminivirus; anellovirus; circovirus; nanovirus

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MDPI and ACS Style

Martin, D.P.; Biagini, P.; Lefeuvre, P.; Golden, M.; Roumagnac, P.; Varsani, A. Recombination in Eukaryotic Single Stranded DNA Viruses. Viruses 2011, 3, 1699-1738.

AMA Style

Martin DP, Biagini P, Lefeuvre P, Golden M, Roumagnac P, Varsani A. Recombination in Eukaryotic Single Stranded DNA Viruses. Viruses. 2011; 3(9):1699-1738.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martin, Darren P.; Biagini, Philippe; Lefeuvre, Pierre; Golden, Michael; Roumagnac, Philippe; Varsani, Arvind. 2011. "Recombination in Eukaryotic Single Stranded DNA Viruses." Viruses 3, no. 9: 1699-1738.

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