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Forests 2018, 9(1), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9010039

Detecting Shoot Beetle Damage on Yunnan Pine Using Landsat Time-Series Data

Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
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Received: 6 December 2017 / Revised: 11 January 2018 / Accepted: 13 January 2018 / Published: 22 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disturbance, Succession, and Development of Forests)
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Abstract

Tomicus yunnanensis and Tomicus minor have caused serious shoot damage in Yunnan pine forests in the Yunnan Province of China. However, very few remote sensing studies have estimated the shoot damage ratio (SDR). Thus, we used multi-date Landsat satellite imagery to quantify SDRs and assess the possibility of using spectral indices to determine the beetle outbreak time and spread direction. A new threshold-based classification method was proposed to identify damage levels (i.e., healthy, slightly to moderately infested, and severely infested forests) using time series of moisture stress index (MSI). Permanent plots and temporal field inspection data were both used as references for training and evaluation. Results show that a single threshold value can produce a total classification accuracy of 86.38% (Kappa = 0.80). Furthermore, time series maps detailing damage level were reconstructed from 2004 to 2016. The shoot beetle outbreak year was estimated to be 2013. Another interesting finding is the movement path of the geometric center of severe damage, which is highly consistent with the wind direction. We conclude that the time series of shoot damage level maps can be produced by using continuous MSI images. This method is very useful to foresters for determining the outbreak time and spread direction. View Full-Text
Keywords: Landsat; Tomicus yunnanensis; Tomicus minor; shoot damage ratio; classification; multi-date methods Landsat; Tomicus yunnanensis; Tomicus minor; shoot damage ratio; classification; multi-date methods
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Yu, L.; Huang, J.; Zong, S.; Huang, H.; Luo, Y. Detecting Shoot Beetle Damage on Yunnan Pine Using Landsat Time-Series Data. Forests 2018, 9, 39.

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