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Forests 2018, 9(1), 22; doi:10.3390/f9010022

Identifying Green Infrastructure as a Basis for an Incentive Mechanism at the Municipality Level in Biscay (Basque Country)

1
UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Development and Environmental Education, University of the Basque Country—UPV/EHU, Barrio Sarriena s/n, Leioa 48940, Spain
2
Mathematics and Experimental Sciences Didactics Department, University of the Basque Country—UPV/EHU, Barrio Sarriena s/n, Leioa 48940, Spain
3
Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, University of the Basque Country—UPV/EHU, Barrio Sarriena s/n, Leioa 48940, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 2 January 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
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Abstract

The contributions of green infrastructure (GI) to human well-being have been widely recognised; however, pathways for its systematic implementation are missing. Local governments can play a crucial role in the conservation of GI, and a formal recognition of this role in budgeting systems would foster the inclusion of GI in their agenda. The aim of this study is to identify the principal components of GI at the local level to form a basis for a compensatory economic scheme. We identified the principal components of GI based on the mapping of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services provision. Furthermore, we analysed the potentiality of an incentive mechanism to promote GI based on the protection status of GI. Finally, an incentive mechanism to promote GI at the municipality level was proposed. The results showed that the GI of Biscay is mainly composed of the natural forests presented in the area, and that 50% of the principal components of the GI are not protected. Furthermore, one third of the protected principal components of the GI only has protection at the municipality level. So, we propose a Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES)-like scheme at the municipality level based on the cover of natural forests, where the objective is the conservation and promotion of the GI. View Full-Text
Keywords: PES; ecosystem services mapping; municipalities; northern Spain PES; ecosystem services mapping; municipalities; northern Spain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez-Loinaz, G.; Peña, L.; Palacios-Agundez, I.; Ametzaga, I.; Onaindia, M. Identifying Green Infrastructure as a Basis for an Incentive Mechanism at the Municipality Level in Biscay (Basque Country). Forests 2018, 9, 22.

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