Next Article in Journal
Allometric Equations for Estimating Biomass and Carbon Stocks in the Temperate Forests of North-Western Mexico
Previous Article in Journal
Variation in the Concentrations of Major Secondary Metabolites in Ginkgo Leaves from Different Geographical Populations
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Forests 2017, 8(8), 255; doi:10.3390/f8080255

An Assessment of a Community-Based, Forest Restoration Programme in Durban (eThekwini), South Africa

1
School of Agriculture, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X1, Scottsville 3209, South Africa
2
CIRAD, UMR PVBMT, F-97410 St Pierre, La Réunion, France
3
Natural Resources and the Environment, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, P.O. Box 320, Stellenbosch 7599, South Africa
4
School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville 3630, South Africa
5
Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College, London WC1E 6BT, UK
6
Invasive Species Programme, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch Research Centre, Claremont 7735, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mark S. Ashton and Timothy A. Martin
Received: 28 April 2017 / Revised: 1 July 2017 / Accepted: 13 July 2017 / Published: 28 July 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1942 KB, uploaded 28 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

The restoration of degraded forests to enhance biodiversity, ecosystem services, as well as climate change mitigation and adaptation is now a major priority in cities around the world. This study evaluated the success of the Buffelsdraai Landfill Site Community Reforestation Project in Durban, South Africa, by assessing ecological attributes. Measures of plant richness, diversity, vegetation structure, invasive alien plants (IAPs) and ecological processes were contrasted across a chronosequence of habitats under restoration (0-year-old, 3-year-old and 5-year-old) and compared with a reference forest habitat (remnant natural forest). Native tree species recruitment and vegetation structure increased with restoration age. Ecological processes, represented by the composition of pollination and seed dispersal traits in all of the habitats under restoration, were similar to the reference habitat. However, low tree density and an increase in IAP cover with an increase in restoration age were identified as threats to reforestation success. We recommend enrichment planting and an effective IAP management strategy to promote more rapid habitat restoration while reducing site maintenance costs. Enrichment planting should not only focus on increasing tree species density and richness, but also on the inclusion of species with missing pollination and seed dispersal categories. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem processes; invasive alien plants; pollination; restoration success; seed dispersal; species diversity; vegetation structure ecosystem processes; invasive alien plants; pollination; restoration success; seed dispersal; species diversity; vegetation structure
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mugwedi, L.F.; Rouget, M.; Egoh, B.; Sershen; Ramdhani, S.; Slotow, R.; Rentería, J.L. An Assessment of a Community-Based, Forest Restoration Programme in Durban (eThekwini), South Africa. Forests 2017, 8, 255.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top