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Forests 2017, 8(4), 100;

Armillaria Pathogenesis under Climate Changes

The Forest Research Institute, Department of Forest Protection, Sękocin Stary, ul. Braci Leśnej 3, 05-090 Raszyn, Poland
Department of Entomology, Phytopathology and Molecular Diagnostics, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego 17, 10-721 Olsztyn, Poland
Department of Forestry and Forests Ecology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Plac Łódzki 2, 10-727 Olsztyn, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Matteo Garbelotto, Paolo Gonthier and Timothy A. Martin
Received: 21 January 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 23 March 2017 / Published: 27 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Pathology and Plant Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [749 KB, uploaded 27 March 2017]


Climate changes influencing forest ecosystems include increased air temperatures and CO2 concentrations as well as droughts and decreased water availability. These changes in turn effect changes in species composition of both host plants and pathogens. In the case of Armillaria, climate changes cause an increase in the activity of individual species and modify the growth of rhizomorphs, increasing the susceptibility of trees. The relationship between climate changes and the biotic elements of Armillaria disease are discussed in overview. View Full-Text
Keywords: Armillaria; rhizomorphs; climate changes Armillaria; rhizomorphs; climate changes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kubiak, K.; Żółciak, A.; Damszel, M.; Lech, P.; Sierota, Z. Armillaria Pathogenesis under Climate Changes. Forests 2017, 8, 100.

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