Biocontrol of Fusarium circinatum Infection of Young Pinus radiata Trees
AbstractPitch canker, caused by the fungus Fusarium circinatum, is a major disease of Pinus radiata currently controlled to some extent in nurseries by good hygiene and application of synthetic fungicides. The aim of this study was to evaluate alternative strategies to control fungal infections in nurseries and young pine plantations. The antagonistic effects of biocontrol bacteria and essential oils against F. circinatum in vitro and in young P. radiata trees were assessed. Pseudomonas fluorescens, Erwinia billingiae, and Bacillus simplex reduced the growth of the fungus in vitro by 17%–29%, and decreased the density of the mycelial mat. In young P. radiata trees, the length of F. circinatum lesions was reduced by 22%–25% by the same bacterial strains. Direct application of cinnamon and/or clove essential oils to wounds in stems of two-year-old P. radiata trees also limited the damage caused by F. circinatum. Lesion length was reduced by 51% following treatment with cinnamon oil (10% v/v), and by 45% following treatment with clove oil (15% v/v) or a combination of both oils. However, the oils were toxic to younger trees. The biocontrol bacteria and essential oils show promise as prophylactic treatments to reduce the devastating effects of F. circinatum on P. radiata. View Full-Text
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Iturritxa, E.; Trask, T.; Mesanza, N.; Raposo, R.; Elvira-Recuenco, M.; Patten, C.L. Biocontrol of Fusarium circinatum Infection of Young Pinus radiata Trees. Forests 2017, 8, 32.
Iturritxa E, Trask T, Mesanza N, Raposo R, Elvira-Recuenco M, Patten CL. Biocontrol of Fusarium circinatum Infection of Young Pinus radiata Trees. Forests. 2017; 8(2):32.Chicago/Turabian Style
Iturritxa, Eugenia; Trask, Tyler; Mesanza, Nebai; Raposo, Rosa; Elvira-Recuenco, Margarita; Patten, Cheryl L. 2017. "Biocontrol of Fusarium circinatum Infection of Young Pinus radiata Trees." Forests 8, no. 2: 32.
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