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Forests 2017, 8(12), 478; doi:10.3390/f8120478

On the Use of Hedonic Price Indices to Understand Ecosystem Service Provision from Urban Green Space in Five Latin American Megacities

1
Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima 15067, Perú
2
School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
3
Departamento de Medio Ambiente y Sustentabilidad, Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia Austral, Rio Gallegos 9400, Santa Cruz, Argentina
4
Institute of Geography, Soil Science/Soil Ecology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Universitätsstrasse 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
5
Center for International Forestry Research, Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang, Bogor 16115, Indonesia
6
Starfish Initiatives, Armidale, NSW 2350, Australia
7
Ministry of the Environment, National Forest Conservation Program for Climate Change Mitigation, Lima 15076, Perú
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 October 2017 / Revised: 19 November 2017 / Accepted: 23 November 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017
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Abstract

Latin American (LA) megacities are facing enormous challenges to provide welfare to millions of people who live in them. High rates of urbanization and limited administrative capacity of LA cities to plan and control urban growth have led to a critical deficit of urban green space, and therefore, to sub-optimal outcomes in terms of urban sustainability. This study seeks to assess the possibility of using real estate prices to provide an estimate of the monetary value of the ecosystem services provided by urban green space across five Latin American megacities: Bogota, Buenos Aires, Lima, Mexico City and Santiago de Chile. Using Google Earth images to quantify urban green space and multiple regression analysis, we evaluated the impact of urban green space, crime rates, business density and population density on real estate prices across the five mentioned megacities. In addition, for a subset of the data (Lima and Buenos Aires) we analyzed the effects of landscape ecology variables (green space patch size, connectivity, etc.) on real estate prices to provide a first insight into how the ecological attributes of urban green space can determine the level of ecosystem service provision in different urban contexts in Latin America. The results show a strong positive relationship between the presence of urban green space and real estate prices. Green space explains 52% of the variability in real estate prices across the five studied megacities. Population density, business density and crime had only minor impacts on real estate prices. Our analysis of the landscape ecology variables in Lima and Buenos Aires also show that the relationship between green space and price is context-specific, which indicates that further research is needed to better understand when and where ecological attributes of green space affect real estate prices so that managers of urban green space in LA cities can optimize ecological configuration to maximize ecosystem service provision from often limited green spaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: Urban green space; real estate prices; Latin American megacities; Google Earth; hedonic price indices Urban green space; real estate prices; Latin American megacities; Google Earth; hedonic price indices
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Loret de Mola, U.; Ladd, B.; Duarte, S.; Borchard, N.; Anaya La Rosa, R.; Zutta, B. On the Use of Hedonic Price Indices to Understand Ecosystem Service Provision from Urban Green Space in Five Latin American Megacities. Forests 2017, 8, 478.

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