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Forests 2017, 8(1), 25; doi:10.3390/f8010025

Using Fractal Analysis in Modeling the Dynamics of Forest Areas and Economic Impact Assessment: Maramureș County, Romania, as a Case Study

1
University of Bucharest—Research Center for Integrated Analysis and Territorial Management; 4-12, Regina Elisabeta Avenue; 030018 Bucharest, Romania
2
Bucharest University of Economic Studies—Faculty of Management; 6, Piața Romană Square; 010374 Bucharest, Romania
3
Institute of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Kosice, Vysokoskolska 4, Kosice 04200, Slovakia
4
University of Copenhagen, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Oster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rodney J. Keenan and Timothy A. Martin
Received: 5 October 2016 / Revised: 10 January 2017 / Accepted: 10 January 2017 / Published: 14 January 2017
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Abstract

This study uses fractal analysis to quantify the spatial changes of forest resources caused by an increase of deforested areas. The method introduced contributes to the evaluation of forest resources being under significant pressure from anthropogenic activities. The pressure on the forest resources has been analyzed for Maramureș County, one of the most deforested counties in Romania. In order to evaluate this, the deforested areas were calculated for the period of 2001–2014, by using the Global Forest Change 2000–2014 database. The Fractal Fragmentation Index (FFI) and Fixed Grid 2D Lacunarity (FG2DL) were used to quantify the degree of fragmentation and dispersion of the forested areas, and thereby the extent to which a forest area is affected by deforestation. The process of quantifying the pressure on forested areas included the creation of a database for the period of 2000–2014 containing economic activities (turnover) related to woody recourses, important indicators of forest exploitation. Taken together, the results obtained indicate a dramatic increase in deforested areas (over 19,122 ha in total for the period of analysis), in Maramureș County. View Full-Text
Keywords: deforested areas; forest resources; economic pressure; territorial management; fractal analysis; lacunarity deforested areas; forest resources; economic pressure; territorial management; fractal analysis; lacunarity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pintilii, R.-D.; Andronache, I.; Diaconu, D.C.; Dobrea, R.C.; Zeleňáková, M.; Fensholt, R.; Peptenatu, D.; Drăghici, C.-C.; Ciobotaru, A.-M. Using Fractal Analysis in Modeling the Dynamics of Forest Areas and Economic Impact Assessment: Maramureș County, Romania, as a Case Study. Forests 2017, 8, 25.

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