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Forests 2016, 7(3), 59; doi:10.3390/f7030059

Variation of Drying Strains between Tangential and Radial Directions in Asian White Birch

Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology, College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
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Academic Editor: Phillip G. Comeau
Received: 19 January 2016 / Revised: 19 February 2016 / Accepted: 29 February 2016 / Published: 7 March 2016
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Abstract

In this study, wood disks of 30 mm in thickness cut from white birch (Betula platyphylla Suk) logs were dried at a constant temperature (40 °C). The drying strains including practical shrinkage strain, elastic strain, viscoelastic creep strain and mechano-sorptive creep were measured both tangentially and radially. The effects of moisture content and radial position on each strain were also discussed qualitatively. Overall, the difference of the practical shrinkage strain between the tangential and radial directions was proportional to the distance from the pith. The tangential elastic strain and viscoelastic creep strain were higher than these strains in a radial direction, and they all decreased with the decrease of moisture content. Additionally, there were opposite mechano-sorptive creep between tangential and radial directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: drying stresses; drying strains; wood rheological behavior; white birch disk drying stresses; drying strains; wood rheological behavior; white birch disk
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Fu, Z.; Zhao, J.; Yang, Y.; Cai, Y. Variation of Drying Strains between Tangential and Radial Directions in Asian White Birch. Forests 2016, 7, 59.

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