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Forests 2016, 7(2), 36; doi:10.3390/f7020036

Effects of Bentonite, Charcoal and Corncob for Soil Improvement and Growth Characteristics of Teak Seedling Planted on Acrisols in Northeast Thailand

1
Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, 1-1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8686, Japan
2
Forest Research and Development Bureau, Royal Forest Department, 61 Phaholyothin Rd., Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dale W. Johnson and Eric J. Jokela
Received: 24 November 2015 / Revised: 22 January 2016 / Accepted: 29 January 2016 / Published: 4 February 2016
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Abstract

When teak (Tectona grandis L. f.) is planted on acrisols in Northeast Thailand, its growth is suppressed by low pH, infertility, and low water holding capacity. To examine materials capable of increasing water holding capacity in soil and improving teak growth, we conducted an experiment with teak seedlings. We selected bentonite, charcoal, and corncob and added these materials at a rate of 4% to sandy soil from northeast Thailand. Teak seedlings were potted on these soils and raised from July 2013 to July 2014. We compared growth, photosynthetic rates, leaf water potential, and concentrations of elements in plant organs among bentonite, charcoal, corncob, and no addition (control) treatments. Water content in the soils was increased for the bentonite and charcoal treatments. Teak seedlings potted in these two conditions did not suffer from drought stress. Comparing the growth traits of the teak seedlings, the charcoal treatment produced larger root growth and promoted the uptake of phosphorus and potassium, whereas the bentonite treatment did not show positive effects on growth or nutrient acquisition. In contrast, the corncob treatment decreased water content in the soil, and teak seedling growth was suppressed. We concluded that charcoal was a useful material to improve teak growth in sandy soils. View Full-Text
Keywords: sandy soil; photosynthesis; nutrients; leaf water potential; chlorophyll sandy soil; photosynthesis; nutrients; leaf water potential; chlorophyll
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kayama, M.; Nimpila, S.; Hongthong, S.; Yoneda, R.; Wichiennopparat, W.; Himmapan, W.; Vacharangkura, T.; Noda, I. Effects of Bentonite, Charcoal and Corncob for Soil Improvement and Growth Characteristics of Teak Seedling Planted on Acrisols in Northeast Thailand. Forests 2016, 7, 36.

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