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Forests 2015, 6(6), 1810-1838; doi:10.3390/f6061810

Forest Ecosystem Services: Issues and Challenges for Biodiversity, Conservation, and Management in Italy

1
Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio (DiBT), Contrada Fonte Lappone, Pesche, Isernia 86090, Italy
2
The EFI Project Centre on Mountain Forests (MOUNTFOR), Edmund Mach Foundation, Via E. Mach 1, San Michele all'Adige, Trento 38010, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jean-Claude Ruel and Eric J. Jokela
Received: 30 January 2015 / Revised: 7 May 2015 / Accepted: 20 May 2015 / Published: 28 May 2015
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Abstract

Although forest ecosystems are fundamental sources of services and global biodiversity, their capacity to maintain these benefits in the future is potentially threatened by anthropogenic impacts such as climate change, land use, and unsustainable management practices. Thus far, studies focusing on forests and their services have gained less attention compared with studies on other biomes. Additionally, management practices may potentially undermine the capacity of forests to sustain biodiversity conservation and services in the future, especially outside protected areas. This study linked the concepts of biodiversity and forest ecosystem services at the national level in Italy. Through a downscaled review, we first analyzed management issues, challenges, and needs within the context of forest ecosystem services. We then carried out a survey on protected areas. The results show that forest biodiversity supports the provision of other services and, hence, needs to be preserved and supported by adaptive management practices. Current research on forest ecosystem services must extend policy trajectories to protected areas (i.e., National Parks) as centers of biodiversity and models of the sustainable use of resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest ecosystem services; biodiversity conservation; forest management; protected areas forest ecosystem services; biodiversity conservation; forest management; protected areas
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vizzarri, M.; Tognetti, R.; Marchetti, M. Forest Ecosystem Services: Issues and Challenges for Biodiversity, Conservation, and Management in Italy. Forests 2015, 6, 1810-1838.

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