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Forests 2015, 6(5), 1666-1695; doi:10.3390/f6051666

How Sensitive Are Ecosystem Services in European Forest Landscapes to Silvicultural Treatment?

1
Chair of Forest Yield Science, Technische Universität München, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, Freising 85354, Germany
2
Forest Research Center, School of Agriculture, University of Lisbon, Tapada da Ajuda, Lisbon 1349-017, Portugal
3
Department of Economics and Management of Forestry, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University in Zvolen, T.G. Masaryka 24 Zvolen 960 53, Slovakia
4
Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 49, Alnarp 23053, Sweden
5
Department of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Systems, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via San Bonaventura, 13, Firenze 50145, Italy
6
Atlantic European Regional Office of the European Forest Institute—EFIATLANTIC, Cestas cedex 33612, France
7
UCD Forestry, School of Agriculture & Food Science, UCD, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
8
Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå 901 83, Sweden
9
Dipartimento Territorio e Sistemi Agro-Forestali, Università di Padova, Agripolis, v.le dell'Università 16, Legnaro I-35020, Italy
10
University of Forestry, 10 Kliment Ohridski blvd., Sofia 1756, Bulgaria
11
Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Wageningen University, and Alterra—Vegetation, Forest and Landscape Ecology, Drovendaalsesteeg 3, Wageningen 6708PB, The Netherlands
12
Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Studentu 11, Akademija, Kaunas Distr. LT-53361, Lithuania
13
Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio (DiBT), Università degli Studi del Molise, Contrada Fonte Lappone, Pesche 86090, Isernia, Italy
14
Department of Forest Management and Geodesy, Technical University in Zvolen, T.G. Masaryka 24 Zvolen 960 53, Slovakia
15
Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 1176, 165 21 Prague 6—Suchdol, Czech Republic
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eric J. Jokela
Received: 8 January 2015 / Revised: 17 April 2015 / Accepted: 21 April 2015 / Published: 13 May 2015
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Abstract

While sustainable forestry in Europe is characterized by the provision of a multitude of forest ecosystem services, there exists no comprehensive study that scrutinizes their sensitivity to forest management on a pan-European scale, so far. We compile scenario runs from regionally tailored forest growth models and Decision Support Systems (DSS) from 20 case studies throughout Europe and analyze whether the ecosystem service provision depends on management intensity and other co-variables, comprising regional affiliation, social environment, and tree species composition. The simulation runs provide information about the case-specifically most important ecosystem services in terms of appropriate indicators. We found a strong positive correlation between management intensity and wood production, but only weak correlation with protective and socioeconomic forest functions. Interestingly, depending on the forest region, we found that biodiversity can react in both ways, positively and negatively, to increased management intensity. Thus, it may be in tradeoff or in synergy with wood production and forest resource maintenance. The covariables species composition and social environment are of punctual interest only, while the affiliation to a certain region often makes an important difference in terms of an ecosystem service’s treatment sensitivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; scenario analysis; European forests ecosystem services; scenario analysis; European forests
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Biber, P.; Borges, J.G.; Moshammer, R.; Barreiro, S.; Botequim, B.; Brodrechtová, Y.; Brukas, V.; Chirici, G.; Cordero-Debets, R.; Corrigan, E.; Eriksson, L.O.; Favero, M.; Galev, E.; Garcia-Gonzalo, J.; Hengeveld, G.; Kavaliauskas, M.; Marchetti, M.; Marques, S.; Mozgeris, G.; Navrátil, R.; Nieuwenhuis, M.; Orazio, C.; Paligorov, I.; Pettenella, D.; Sedmák, R.; Smreček, R.; Stanislovaitis, A.; Tomé, M.; Trubins, R.; Tuček, J.; Vizzarri, M.; Wallin, I.; Pretzsch, H.; Sallnäs, O. How Sensitive Are Ecosystem Services in European Forest Landscapes to Silvicultural Treatment? Forests 2015, 6, 1666-1695.

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