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Forests 2015, 6(2), 464-491;

Tenure Security and Land Appropriation under Changing Environmental Governance in Lowland Bolivia and Pará

Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Jalan CIFOR Situ Gede, Bogor Barat 16115, Indonesia
Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA), Rua Augusto Corrêa, 01—Guamá, Belem CEP 66075-110, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eric J. Jokela
Received: 21 September 2014 / Revised: 13 January 2015 / Accepted: 11 February 2015 / Published: 16 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Governing Forest Landscapes: Challenges and Ways Forward)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [339 KB, uploaded 16 February 2015]


Appropriation of public lands associated with agricultural frontier expansion is a longstanding occurrence in the Amazon that has resulted in a highly skewed land-tenure structure in spite of recent state efforts to recognize tenure rights of indigenous people and smallholders living in or nearby forests. Growing concerns to reduce environmental impacts from agricultural development have motivated state governments to place greater attention on sustainable land management and forest conservation. This paper assesses the political and institutional conditions shaping tenure security and land appropriation in lowland Bolivia and the State of Pará in Brazil, and their links with environmental governance. The two cases show that clarifying and securing tenure rights is considered as the cornerstone for improving environmental governance. Thus, much attention has been given to the recognition of indigenous people and smallholder rights and to legalization of large-scale estates in agricultural frontiers, which have in turn influenced emerging conservation and environmental governance approaches. While policy frameworks share similar goals in the two cases, contrasting implementation approaches have been adopted: more agrarian in lowland Bolivia and more conservationist in the State of Pará. View Full-Text
Keywords: tenure security; tenure reform; land appropriation; land governance; Amazon tenure security; tenure reform; land appropriation; land governance; Amazon
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pacheco, P.; Heder Benatti, J. Tenure Security and Land Appropriation under Changing Environmental Governance in Lowland Bolivia and Pará. Forests 2015, 6, 464-491.

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