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Forests 2015, 6(11), 4295-4327; doi:10.3390/f6114295

Endurance and Adaptation of Community Forest Management in Quintana Roo, Mexico

1
Centro de Investigaciones Tropicales, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz 91090, Mexico
2
School of Forest Resources and Conservation and the Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz 91090, Mexico
4
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Lima 1158, Peru
5
Earth Innovation Institute, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wil de Jong, Pia Katila and Glenn Galloway
Received: 15 September 2015 / Revised: 5 November 2015 / Accepted: 11 November 2015 / Published: 23 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Incentives and Constraints of Community and Smallholder Forestry)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [751 KB, uploaded 23 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Despite regional deforestation threats, the state of Quintana Roo has maintained over 80% of its territory in forests. Community forest management (CFM) has played a pivotal role in forest cover and biodiversity conservation in the region. In this article, we present the institutional, socioeconomic and environmental conditions under which community-based forest management has been consolidated in the tropical state of Quintana Roo, which occupies the eastern half of Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. With a focus on management for timber and other market-based development strategies, we then examine the institutional and socioeconomic factors, as well as biophysical shocks, that have constrained community forestry development in the past 25 years, challenging its persistence. Following, we discuss how forest communities and institutions have responded and adapted to changing forest policies and markets as well as major environmental shocks from hurricanes and fires. CFM in Quintana Roo has shown resiliency since its institutionalization 30 years ago. Future challenges and opportunities include biodiversity conservation, carbon management through Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) initiatives, market strengthening, business management training as well as the implementation of alternative silvicultural systems, particularly to manage sustainable populations of commercial timber species. View Full-Text
Keywords: community forestry; ejido; forest cover; adaptation; Maya Forest; Yucatán community forestry; ejido; forest cover; adaptation; Maya Forest; Yucatán
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ellis, E.A.; Kainer, K.A.; Sierra-Huelsz, J.A.; Negreros-Castillo, P.; Rodriguez-Ward, D.; DiGiano, M. Endurance and Adaptation of Community Forest Management in Quintana Roo, Mexico. Forests 2015, 6, 4295-4327.

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