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Forests 2014, 5(6), 1356-1373; doi:10.3390/f5061356
Article

Mapping Above- and Below-Ground Biomass Components in Subtropical Forests Using Small-Footprint LiDAR

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Received: 4 April 2014; in revised form: 8 May 2014 / Accepted: 10 June 2014 / Published: 16 June 2014
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Abstract: In order to better assess the spatial variability in subtropical forest biomass, the goal of our study was to use small-footprint, discrete-return Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data to accurately estimate and map above- and below-ground biomass components of subtropical forests. Foliage, branch, trunk, root, above-ground and total biomass of 53 plots (30 × 30 m) were modeled using a range of LiDAR-derived metrics, with individual models built for each of the three dominant forest types using stepwise multi-regression analysis. A regular grid covered the entire study site with cell size 30 × 30 m corresponding to the same size of the plots; it was generated for mapping each biomass component. Overall, results indicate that biomass estimation was more accurate in coniferous forests, compared with the mixed and broadleaved plots. The coefficient of determination (R2) for individual models was significantly enhanced compared with an overall generic, or common, model. Using independent stand-level data from ground inventory, our results indicated that overall the model fit was significant for most of the biomass components, with relationships close to a 1:1 line, thereby indicating no significant bias. This research illustrates the potential for LiDAR as a technology to assess subtropical forest carbon accurately and to provide a better understanding of how forest ecosystems function in this region.
Keywords: biomass components; carbon; small-footprint LiDAR; subtropical forests; southeastern China biomass components; carbon; small-footprint LiDAR; subtropical forests; southeastern China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, L.; Coops, N.C.; Innes, J.; Dai, J.; She, G. Mapping Above- and Below-Ground Biomass Components in Subtropical Forests Using Small-Footprint LiDAR. Forests 2014, 5, 1356-1373.

AMA Style

Cao L, Coops NC, Innes J, Dai J, She G. Mapping Above- and Below-Ground Biomass Components in Subtropical Forests Using Small-Footprint LiDAR. Forests. 2014; 5(6):1356-1373.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cao, Lin; Coops, Nicholas C.; Innes, John; Dai, Jinsong; She, Guanghui. 2014. "Mapping Above- and Below-Ground Biomass Components in Subtropical Forests Using Small-Footprint LiDAR." Forests 5, no. 6: 1356-1373.


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