Next Article in Journal
Effects of a Wildfire on Selected Physical, Chemical and Biochemical Soil Properties in a Pinus massoniana Forest in South China
Previous Article in Journal
Conifer Recruitment in Trembling Aspen (Populus Tremuloides Michx.) Stands along an East-West Gradient in the Boreal Mixedwoods of Canada
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessCase Report
Forests 2014, 5(11), 2929-2946; doi:10.3390/f5112929

Ungulate Impact on Natural Regeneration in Spruce-Beech-Fir Stands in Černý důl Nature Reserve in the Orlické Hory Mountains, Case Study from Central Sudetes

1
Department of Silviculture, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Prague 165 21, Czech Republic
2
Department of Biology, University of Hradec Králové, Faculty of Science, Rokitanského 62, Hradec Králové 500 03, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2014 / Revised: 19 November 2014 / Accepted: 21 November 2014 / Published: 24 November 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3239 KB, uploaded 24 November 2014]   |  

Abstract

The paper presents the results of a study on tree regeneration of forest stands in the Černý důl Nature Reserve, which is situated in the Orlické hory Mountains Protected Landscape area in the Czech Republic. Research was conducted in a spruce-beech stand with an admixture of silver fir, sycamore maple and rowan on two comparative permanent research plots (PRPs) (PRP 1—fenced enclosure and PRP 2—unfenced). Typological, soil, phytosociological and stand characteristics of the two PRPs are similar. The results showed that ungulate browsing is a limiting factor for successful development of natural regeneration of autochthonous tree species. The population of tree species of natural regeneration on the fenced plot (PRP 1) is sufficient in relation to the site and stand conditions. However, natural regeneration on PRP 2 is considerably limited by browsing. Damage is greatest to fir, sycamore maple and rowan; less severe to beech; and the least to spruce. View Full-Text
Keywords: browsing damage; natural mixed forest; silver fir (Abies alba Mill.); European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.); Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.]; admixed tree species browsing damage; natural mixed forest; silver fir (Abies alba Mill.); European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.); Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.]; admixed tree species
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Vacek, Z.; Vacek, S.; Bílek, L.; Král, J.; Remeš, J.; Bulušek, D.; Králíček, I. Ungulate Impact on Natural Regeneration in Spruce-Beech-Fir Stands in Černý důl Nature Reserve in the Orlické Hory Mountains, Case Study from Central Sudetes. Forests 2014, 5, 2929-2946.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top