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Forests 2013, 4(2), 343-363; doi:10.3390/f4020343

Predicting Future Conflict under REDD+ Implementation

1
RECOFTC—The Center for People and Forests, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10903, Thailand
2
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Hanoi, Vietnam
3
Forest Action Nepal, Kathmandu P.O. Box 12207, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 February 2013 / Revised: 29 April 2013 / Accepted: 2 May 2013 / Published: 10 May 2013
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Abstract

With the current complexity of issues facing forest and land management, the implementation of the REDD+ initiative comes with significant risks, including conflict. While the exact nature and shape of conflict in REDD+ implementation is difficult to pinpoint, this study aims to build a preliminary predictive framework to identify possible sources of impairment that may result in conflict over management of forests and natural resources. The framework was developed from an extensive literature review and was tested in three REDD+ pilot project sites in Nepal. The results indicate that most of the sources of impairment are present in all study sites, particularly issues relating to benefit sharing, which have been main drivers of conflict prior to REDD+. While we found that the application of the framework has been useful in the Nepalese context, there are some limitations in its scope and precision. Nonetheless, this study points to important implications with regards to REDD+ implementation and conflict management that can be useful for policy makers and practitioners involved in REDD+ strategy designs, as well as other areas of forest management involving outsiders and communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: REDD+; forest conflict; impairment; conflict predictors; conflict management; Nepal REDD+; forest conflict; impairment; conflict predictors; conflict management; Nepal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Patel, T.; Dhiaulhaq, A.; Gritten, D.; Yasmi, Y.; De Bruyn, T.; Paudel, N.S.; Luintel, H.; Khatri, D.B.; Silori, C.; Suzuki, R. Predicting Future Conflict under REDD+ Implementation. Forests 2013, 4, 343-363.

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