Forests 2011, 2(1), 301-342; doi:10.3390/f2010301
Article

Rights to Land, Forests and Carbon in REDD+: Insights from Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica

1,2,* email, 3email, 4email, 5email and 6email
Received: 14 November 2010; in revised form: 8 February 2011 / Accepted: 17 February 2011 / Published: 1 March 2011
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Land tenure and carbon rights constitute critical issues to take into account in achieving emission reductions, ensuring transparent benefit sharing and determining non-permanence (or non-compliance) liabilities in the context of REDD+ strategies and projects. This is so because tenure systems influence who becomes involved in efforts to avoid deforestation and improve forest management, and that land tenure, carbon rights and liabilities may be linked or divorced with implications for rural development. This paper explores these issues by looking at tenure regimes and carbon rights issues in Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica. It is effectively shown that complex bundles of rights over forest resources have distinct implications for REDD+ design and implementation, and that REDD+ strategies in selected countries have to date failed in procedurally addressing land-use conflicts and carbon rights entitlements and liabilities.
Keywords: REDD+; carbon; forests; property rights; Latin America
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MDPI and ACS Style

Corbera, E.; Estrada, M.; May, P.; Navarro, G.; Pacheco, P. Rights to Land, Forests and Carbon in REDD+: Insights from Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica. Forests 2011, 2, 301-342.

AMA Style

Corbera E, Estrada M, May P, Navarro G, Pacheco P. Rights to Land, Forests and Carbon in REDD+: Insights from Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica. Forests. 2011; 2(1):301-342.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Corbera, Esteve; Estrada, Manuel; May, Peter; Navarro, Guillermo; Pacheco, Pablo. 2011. "Rights to Land, Forests and Carbon in REDD+: Insights from Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica." Forests 2, no. 1: 301-342.

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