Next Article in Journal
An Ensemble Extreme Learning Machine for Data Stream Classification
Previous Article in Journal
Distributed Combinatorial Maps for Parallel Mesh Processing
Previous Article in Special Issue
Solutions to the Sub-Optimality and Stability Issues of Recursive Pole and Zero Distribution Algorithms for the Approximation of Fractional Order Models
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Algorithms 2018, 11(7), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/a11070106

Fractional-Order Closed-Loop Model Reference Adaptive Control for Anesthesia

1
Engineering Graduate Program, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
2
Engineering Faculty, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2018 / Revised: 7 July 2018 / Accepted: 12 July 2018 / Published: 14 July 2018

Abstract

The design of a fractional-order closed-loop model reference adaptive control (FOCMRAC) for anesthesia based on a fractional-order model (FOM) is proposed in the paper. This proposed model gets around many difficulties, namely, unknown parameters, lack of state measurement, inter and intra-patient variability, and variable time-delay, encountered in controller designs based on the PK/PD model commonly used for control of anesthesia, and allows to design a simple adaptive controller based on the Lyapunov analysis. Simulations illustrate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed control. View Full-Text
Keywords: anesthesia; fractional systems; adaptive control anesthesia; fractional systems; adaptive control
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Navarro-Guerrero, G.; Tang, Y. Fractional-Order Closed-Loop Model Reference Adaptive Control for Anesthesia. Algorithms 2018, 11, 106.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Algorithms EISSN 1999-4893 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top