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Materials 2016, 9(9), 787; doi:10.3390/ma9090787

Elastic Modulus of the Alkali-Silica Reaction Rim in a Simplified Calcium-Alkali-Silicate System Determined by Nano-Indentation

1
Magnel Laboratory for Concrete Research, Department of Structural Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent 9052, Belgium
2
Microlab, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft 2628 CN, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Duncan Gregory
Received: 26 July 2016 / Revised: 31 August 2016 / Accepted: 12 September 2016 / Published: 20 September 2016
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Abstract

This work aims at providing a better understanding of the mechanical properties of the reaction rim in the alkali-silica reaction. The elastic modulus of the calcium alkali silicate constituting the reaction rim, which is formed at the interface between alkali silicate and Ca(OH)2 in a chemically-idealized system of the alkali-silica reaction, was studied using nano-indentation. In addition, the corresponding calcium to silica mole ratio of the calcium alkali silicate was investigated. The results show that the elastic modulus of the calcium alkali silicate formed at the interface increased with the increase of the calcium to silica mole ratio and vice versa. Furthermore, the more calcium that was available for interaction with alkali silicate to form calcium alkali silicate, the higher the calcium to silica mole ratio and, consequently, the higher the elastic modulus of the formed calcium alkali silicate. This work provides illustrative evidence from a mechanical point of view on how the occurrence of cracks due to the alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is linked to the formation of the reaction rim. It has to be highlighted, however, that the simplified calcium-alkali-silicate system in this study is far from the real condition in concrete. View Full-Text
Keywords: alkali-silica reaction; reaction rim; calcium alkali silicate; elastic modulus alkali-silica reaction; reaction rim; calcium alkali silicate; elastic modulus
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Zheng, K.; Lukovic, M.; De Schutter, G.; Ye, G.; Taerwe, L. Elastic Modulus of the Alkali-Silica Reaction Rim in a Simplified Calcium-Alkali-Silicate System Determined by Nano-Indentation. Materials 2016, 9, 787.

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