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Materials 2016, 9(5), 346; doi:10.3390/ma9050346

Structural Solutions for Low-Cost Bamboo Frames: Experimental Tests and Constructive Assessments

Department of Energy, Systems, Territory and Constructions Engineering, University of Pisa, Largo Lazzarino 1, Pisa 56122, Italy
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Academic Editor: Eduardo Júlio
Received: 15 March 2016 / Revised: 23 April 2016 / Accepted: 28 April 2016 / Published: 7 May 2016

Abstract

Experimental tests and constructive assessments are presented for a simple bamboo framed structure with innovative low-cost and low technology joints, specifically conceived for small buildings in developing countries. Two full scale one-storey bamboo frames have been designed by using the simplest joints solution among three different tested typologies. The entire building process is based on low-technology and natural materials: bamboo canes, wooden cylinders, plywood plates and canapé rods. The first full scale specimen (Unit A) is a one-storey single deck truss structure subjected to monotonic collapse test; the second full scale specimen (Unit B) is a one-storey double deck truss structure used to evaluate the construction time throughout assembling tests. The first full scale specimen showed ductility in collapse and ease in strengthening; the second one showed remarkable ease and speed in assembling structural elements. Finally several constructive solutions are suggested for the design of simple one-storey buildings; they are addressed to four purposes (housing, school, chapel, health center) by the composition of the proposed full scale bamboo frames. Ease of use and maintenance with a low level of technology contribute to application in developing countries although not exclusively. View Full-Text
Keywords: bamboo; low-cost construction; full scale testing; experimental tests; one-storey buildings bamboo; low-cost construction; full scale testing; experimental tests; one-storey buildings
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sassu, M.; De Falco, A.; Giresini, L.; Puppio, M.L. Structural Solutions for Low-Cost Bamboo Frames: Experimental Tests and Constructive Assessments. Materials 2016, 9, 346.

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