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Materials 2016, 9(5), 314; doi:10.3390/ma9050314

Effects of Surface Modification on the Mechanical Properties of Flax/β-Polypropylene Composites

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 10607, Taiwan
2
Department of Fiber and Composite Materials, Feng-Chia University, Taichung 40724, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kim L. Pickering
Received: 30 March 2016 / Revised: 13 April 2016 / Accepted: 21 April 2016 / Published: 27 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bio- and Natural-Fiber Composites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4438 KB, uploaded 27 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

The effects of surface treatment of flax fibers featuring vinyltrimethoxy silane (VTMO) and maleic anhydride-polypropylene (MAPP) on the mechanical properties of flax/PP composites were investigated. α-polypropylene (α-PP) and β-polypropylene (β-PP) were used as matrices for measuring the mechanical properties of the flax fiber/polypropylene (flax/PP) composites. Flax/PP composites composed of double-covered uncommingled yarn (DCUY) were prepared using a film-stacking technique. The influence of surface treatment on the tensile, flexural, impact, and water uptake properties of Flax/PP composites were investigated. MAPP treatment was suitable for flax/PP composites in terms of superior tensile and impact properties. VTMO treatment showed superior flexural properties and less influence on the impact properties after moisture absorption. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural-fiber; composites; surface treatment; mechanical properties; beta-polypropylene natural-fiber; composites; surface treatment; mechanical properties; beta-polypropylene
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Wu, C.-M.; Lai, W.-Y.; Wang, C.-Y. Effects of Surface Modification on the Mechanical Properties of Flax/β-Polypropylene Composites. Materials 2016, 9, 314.

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