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Materials 2016, 9(5), 310; doi:10.3390/ma9050310

Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biomaterials: Agrophysics

1
Department Engineering and CIAIMBITAL (Research Center on Mediteranean Intensive Agrosystems and Agrifood Biotechnology), University of Almeria, CEIA3, Almeria 04120, Spain
2
Research Group of Electronic Communications and Telemedicine TIC-019, Almeria 04120, Spain
3
Department of Applied Physics, University of Cordoba, CEIA3, Campus de Rabanales, Córdoba 14071, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dinesh Agrawal
Received: 2 March 2016 / Revised: 18 April 2016 / Accepted: 20 April 2016 / Published: 27 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microwave Materials Processing)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1873 KB, uploaded 27 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Being dependent on temperature and frequency, dielectric properties are related to various types of food. Predicting multiple physical characteristics of agri-food products has been the main objective of non-destructive assessment possibilities executed in many studies on horticultural products and food materials. This review manipulates the basic fundamentals of dielectric properties with their concepts and principles. The different factors affecting the behavior of dielectric properties have been dissected, and applications executed on different products seeking the characterization of a diversity of chemical and physical properties are all pointed out and referenced with their conclusions. Throughout the review, a detailed description of the various adopted measurement techniques and the mostly popular equipment are presented. This compiled review serves in coming out with an updated reference for the dielectric properties of spectroscopy that are applied in the agrophysics field. View Full-Text
Keywords: dielectric properties; microwave (MW) application; agrophysics dielectric properties; microwave (MW) application; agrophysics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

El Khaled, D.; Castellano, N.N.; Gázquez, J.A.; Perea-Moreno, A.-J.; Manzano-Agugliaro, F. Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biomaterials: Agrophysics. Materials 2016, 9, 310.

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